Homepage Marketing

As we all know, a corporate homepage is the face of a company.
And like in real life, you cannot undo a bad first impression.
The homepage of a company must tell the visitor in one shot what the company is all about.
If it is too cluttered or doesn’t convey what products or services are being offered, the visitor will leave never to return.
A corporate homepage must be so inviting, that the visitor will click through to other pages and get the correct information or contact the company.
It’s called homepage marketing.

Successful homepage marketing consists of five phases.

  1. The company must perform an internal and external research in order to understand the corporate branding directives.

    The branding on the homepage has to be in sync with the rest of the corporate collatural, including logos, colors, product names etc.
    An excellent example is the homepage of the Coca Cola Company.
    The Unilever homepage on the other hand, doesn’t have a core message.
    The company’s positioning as “healthy to a tea” is confusing – especially with the graphics used.
    There is also no consistency between the homepage and the rest of the web pages – each page has a different layout and use of graphics.
    Even the logo is different from the U that Unilever normally uses in its collatural.

  2. The design of the homepage must reflects what the company stands for.
    The homepage of ICI doesn’t reflect its core business (chemicals) – it comes across as a cosmetics company.
    The homepage of Pfizer, on the other hand, explains in one shot what the company does.
  3. In larger companies, different departments want to be a part of the homepage.Each department wants to direct traffic from the homepage to its specific product or service.
    The way to handle these (sometimes contradicting) demands, is allocationd of a fixed and appropriate part to each (strategically important) depratment or business unit.
    Computer Associates’ homepage handles this very well.
    They divided their homepage in 4 sections that each have a key title that invites clicking. They cleverly avoided lots of text and explanations on their homepage.
    Another example is the agricultural company Bunge.
    They created the perfect balance between the core business and activities (top half) and the latest news and developments, including stock price (bottom half).
    An example of an unfocused homepage is IBM.
    Different departments want to promote their own business, which leaves the visitor confused.
  4. Make the homepage (and rest of the website) dynamic.

    Apart from the frame with the company name and logo, all contents should be subject to regular updates.
    Apart from keeping the website information itself up-to-date, web spiders love new material and it therefore helps with the ranking in major search engines.

    To make sure that all contents is regularly updated, it is essential to make sure that each department supplies updates.
    Seasonal themes, summer sales, product updates, customer reviews, promotional campaigns, competitions and press coverage create dynamic content.
    A good example is the “low carbon” campaign of British Petroleum.
    An example of seasonal promotion is Harney & Sons.

  5. Make sure to keep it appealing.
    A corporate website needs to be non-stop accessible.
    The homepage needs to be reviewed regularly for performance and contents.
    It is important to check with the target audience how they perceive the homepage as well as the rest of the website.
    The website needs to attract and drive traffic.
    This also involves looking at the number of hits, the ranking in search engines, knowing from where visitors ogin and how long they stay on each page, as well as the download time of documents or brochures.
    Tastes change – the company must keep monitoring if the homepage (still) fits the preference of the target audience.

    If you compare the homepage of Brooks Brothers with the one of Levi’s, you can immediately tell who their target audience is.
    Brooks Brothers serves affluent customers that like an understated classic elegance.
    Levi’s main customers are (or perceive themselves as) young and trendy.
    Both companies hit bull’s eye with their homepages.


Management & Marketing – Patagonian style

Once in a while, there is a company or CEO that defies all marketing logic.
A good example is the outdoor clothing company Patagonia.
Its founder and owner, Yvon Chouinard, ignores the bottom line, refers to fellow businessmen as “corpses in suits,” and blames the business world for destroying Earth and native cultures.

Despite his personal definition of an MBA (management by absence), Chouinard is brilliant in marketing and promoting his company.
Chouinard started producing his own mountain climbing equipment. He invented pitons (metal spikes) that could be removed from the rocks and reused.
During the 1970s, Chouinard’s company became the largest domestic supplier of climbing equipment. The step from hardware to clothes was an easy one: climbers needed double-seated shorts out of heavy corduroy. In 1973, Chouinard decided to produce his expanded clothing line under its own brand: Patagonia.

What makes Patagonia unique?

  1. Branding. Patagonia creates visions of “glaciers tumbling into fjords, jagged windswept peaks, gauchos and condors,” and hits an emotional court with the target audience. Patagonia combines 55% product content with 45% messaging.
  2. Environmental activism. Patagonia asks its customers to register to vote and to take social responsibility.
  3. Product quality. From its start, Patagonia gave top priority to quality control in order to guarantee a durability top-quality product.
  4. Corporate image. Patagonia is a constant fixture on the “best-company-to-work-for” lists. It promotes flextime and has on-site childcare.
  5. Corporate strategy. Patagonia strives on change. It tries to constantly evolve, diversify, and improve practices. It refused to partner with companies that don’t have environmental activism as part of their values, as part of their behavior.
  6. PR. Patagonia disregards traditional media such as TV, radio and print ads and go for word-of –mouth (WOM), depending on sales and customer advocacy. To enable this, Patagonia integrates customer data across all its channels (consisting of its stores, wholesale, catalogue and online) in order to implement one communication message.
  7. Website. Patagonia’s website is unusual – the corporate profile and pressroom emphasize social and environmental commitment combined with sales. Even the corporate sales part is an online shopping tool and not the traditional balance sheet or key figures.

The main lesson we can learn from the Patagonia case is that a company can be idealistic and profitable at the same time.
Patagonia does it by:

  • being consistent in its idealism;
  • making sure it has an optimal branding mix of product info and imaging;
  • consistently producing high quality, durable products with word-of-mouth testimonies.


Mrs. Robinson, can you spare me a dime?

The female icons of today are women close to or in their fifties.
Entertainer Madonna, actresses Susan SarandonGoldie Hawn and Joanna Lumley, and talk show host Oprah Winfreyare just a few.

The baby boomer women are 50+ and a powerful marketing force- worldwide. Europe and Japan already have significant advanced aged populations, with the US, China, Chile and Australia expected to join this category in the next decade.

What makes them unique is:

  1. Their appearance. These women are healthy, work out, dress fashionable and are confident.
  2. They are decision makers: whether married or single, they decide on major purchases such as travel, cars, real estate, financial services, home improvement, sports & hobbies, education and technology.
  3. They are well informed and have money to spend.
  4. They account for 19% of the adult population and 15% of the total population in the US alone; the number in Europe and Japan is even higher.
  5. They will be around for the next few decades and percentage-wise, their number is growing. On average, women live longer than their male partners, and the current female baby boomers will easily reach 90.

It’s the task of marketers to be on top of changes in society, culture and economy, since they result in demographic changes.
The main focus today is still on young, male audiences. They are still seen as the main purchasing power. Marketers have to take note of the demographic landslide that is taking place.
How should marketers approach these power women?

  • Tap into their minds. These women look forwards, not backwards. Nostalgia will not work on them – new technologies and concepts will.
  • Don’t lecture or underestimate. They have money and decide if, when, how and on what to spend it. They have been purchase decision makers at work and at home their whole adult life.
  • Tap into their lifestyles. They have active lifestyles and invest in their health, fitness and wellness. They want to feel good and be healthy – they are not striving for the supermodel-look.
  • Don’t mass market. They see themselves as unique and valuable individuals, not as part of a certain group or as half of a couple.
  • They know how to network, nationally and internationally.
  • Go for a holistic approach. They strive to combine body and mind and will go for products and services that add value to both. A good example is Dove’s “campaign for real beauty” that combines physical benefits with mental well-being.
  • Adjust communications. They are excellent communicators and respond to marketing campaigns that tell a story.


Royal Warrants as a Marketing Tool

Royal warrants have existed for a few hundred years in several European countries.
Originally, it was a “formal recognition” for tradesmen who supplied goods and services to a royal household.
It has developed into an effective marketing tool – a special version of endorsement.
Companies such as Steinway and Harrods successfully use the royal warrant as a unique selling point.
Unlike traditional celebrity endorsements, brands that are warrant holders are associated less with the royalty to which the crest belongs, and more to the traditional way of life and luxury in that particular country.
Royal warrants are predominantly issued by royalty in the United KingdomDenmark and the Netherlands to local and foreign companies.

How does it work?
A warrant links a product to a royal household.
Since advertising the warrant in any way is forbidden, it cannot be actively promoted.
Its power lies in the fact that the small crest “speaks for itself.”
It is perceived as a “quality guaranteed” label, with the added cachet that goes with a royal family.

How effective is it?
A small ad hoc survey of British customers confirmed the image of quality and prestige the warrants add to brands.
British customers perceived a royal warrant as a quality assurance sign.
Especially luxury items showing a royal warrant are perceived as reassuringly British, of fine quality and traditional.
The price tag can be higher than the price of similar goods.

In order to apply for a royal warrant, a company must take the following into consideration.

  1. Does it fit the target audience? Are potential customers interested in the attributes royal warranty products stand for? Do potential customers like heritage and tradition?
  2. Does royalty work as a unique selling point? How are the royals perceived by the target audience? Do they only like their own royalty or also foreign royalty?
  3. Will the royal warrant work for the brand? Will it help the brand to develop?
    Will it create brand recognition and loyalty in both domestic and foreign markets?
  4. Does the company meet the criteria for the royal warrant?
    In general, a company must show that it has existed for some time (in the Netherlands, over 100 years), have an impeccable reputation, and follow a stringent procedure in order to qualify. The process is most of the time difficult, inflexible, and sensitive.
  5. Is the company willing to invest time and part of its PR budget into this unquantifiable endorsement?

There is one group for which royal warrants work very well:
the “business royals.”

Queen Margaret of Denmark sells 150,000 bottles of her own vintage wine yearly to french restaurants.
Britain’s Prince Charles is manager of organic products food brand Duchy Originals, which makes US$ 77M. in annual sales.
King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden and his wife are marketing their fragrance Solliden worldwide, hoping to sell one million bottles per year.
The success of these brands lies in production and promotion of good-quality high-end products that match the royal’s own stature.

Displaying a royal warrant can be a powerful marketing and PR tool.
But companies must be aware of the following.Compared to other celebrity endorsements, it’s much harder for royal brands to attract consumers than “common” brands.

  1. Celebrities gain their attributes through achievement and behavior and thus tap into the target audience. Royalty exists purely through position.
  2. Customers seek brands that they can identify with. Celebrities can match the aspirations of the target audience.
  3. Achieving royalty endorsement is harder to get than celebrity endorsement.
  4. Royal warrants have a limited lifespan. In some countries, there is a renewal procedure every 5 years. In all cases, a royal warrant expires once the royal is deceased.
  5. Royal warrants cannot be actively promoted.


Self promotion – is it healthy for PR agencies?

When choosing a PR agency, a company chooses one that is professional and knows how to generate PR.
Therefore, PR agencies must indulge in self promotion.
But how far can they go without loosing credibility?
Let’s look at two blatant self-promotors that are doing well.

The first is the mid-sized PR agency 5W.
Its founder and CEO Torossian loves to promote himself and his company.
One way he does that is by using his slogan “5WPR, the fastest growing public relations firm in the US“, a trick often used in viral marketing.
He is also a master at hammering out press releases, including client wins, growth and employment opportunities.
Torossian even put out press releases voicing his opinion.
In one, he called Lizzie Grubman, another excellent selfpromotor, “an embarrassment to the PR industry”.
In another, he described Howard Rubenstein, president of Rubenstein Associates, and the eminence gris of the PR industry, as “old and tired” urging his clients to defect to 5W.
This kind of tactics don’t always go down well with Mr. T’s existing clients -Manhattan attorney Ben Brafman left the agency as a result.
Funny enough, Torossian is so successful at generating media attention that he is being mentioned in the same breath as Lizzie Grubman.

Lizzie Grubman is the founder and owner of Lizzie Grubman PR.
Until her much-publicized car accident in 2001 (when she slammed a SUV backward into a crowd of people at the Hamptons club Conscience Point (one of her clients), injuring sixteen), she was known as a plugged-in publicist who interacted with Jay-Z, Sean “Puffy” Combs, Paris Hilton, Tara Reid and Britney Spears.
The accident made her loose clients such as Chanel, and her partnership with PR guru Peggy Siegal, dissolved.
After serving jail time, she carefully and successfully rebuilt her business.
She was able to keep clients such as Combs and Conscience Point.
She also does work for HBO, DreamWorks, and the MGM Grand and started a new partnership with fellow celebrity publicist Jonathan Cheban.
What could backfire is her starring in MTV’s reality show Power Girls.

So when does self-promotion become unprofessional?
When it leaves the marketing field and enters into the realm of meaningless hype.
Being on page 6 of the New York Post might work well for socialites like Paris Hilton et al, but could backfire on PR professionals.
To quote MWW CEO Michael Kempner:
When business ethics and values take a back seat to growing a business at all costs, self promoters become a major accident waiting to happen.”
Jerry Schwartz, president of the prestigious PR agency G.S. Schwartz and Co remarked:
“I personally am not a believer in getting more press for ourselves than our clients. 
We don’t cross over into the line of treating ourselves like we’re clients.

How should a founder/owner of an agency self promote?
The best method is to carefully select media opportunities that fit into the agency’s business plan and strategy.
A good example is a strategic appearance on The O’Reilly Factor as a PR expert commenting on a current situation.
Mike Paul of MGP & Associates is a perfect example.
By being selective, he established himself as an expert on reputation management on TV and in numerous newspaper articles.

Generating publicity for the PR agency by self-promotion builds client confidence.
But self-promotion should never overshadow the publicity efforts for the clients.
Ironically, being too successful at self-promotion can lead to the demise of the agency…


Rock around the block

On 9/17, the Hard Rock Cafe launched its latest outlet at Times Square, NYC no less.

The Hard Rock chain was highly successful until 2000, with a highly recognizable brand and over-the-top grand openings and special events.
After 2000, the group followed an aggressive growth strategy, leading to opening Hard Rock outlets in areas that weren’t appropriate.
Needless to say, not only the bottom line, but also media exposure suffered.
As a result, the company decided to close down several smaller locations and went back to its core business: high-impact locations that were launched with grand openings.
When the company moved its Hard Rock Cafe NYC from 57th Street moved to Times Square, it decided to allocate half of its total PR budged for thisNYC re-launch.
Hard Rock’s CMO, Sean Dee, formulated and implemented the following campaign.

  1. Hard Rock started with the creation and launch of a new, dedicated website: RockTimesSquare.com. The look and feel of the website is very Big City edgy.
    The homepage features a spray painted wall – the graffiti text keeps changing when visitors clicked around. The audio background has Big City traffic noises.
  2. Hard Rock developed a special logo for Hard Rock NYC – a fuse between the “I Love NY” logo and a gray rock.
    (The rock replaced the heart symbol – thus spelling “I Rock New York.)
  3. Hard Rock developed a special PR kit, including a pre-launch sweepstake.
    Anyone living in a country that boasts a Hard Rock Cafe could enter the sweepstakes.
    The prize: 300 lucky winners in total worldwide would win a trip to NYC for the launch party.
    Each Hard Rock location received a kit including information and FAQ about the sweepstake.
    The kit also included promotional material – from posters, coasters, pins for the staff, lanyards with company messaging, inserts for the menus, video ad and to guidelines how to work the local media.
  4. One of Hard Rock’s main gimmicks is the smashing of a guitar on during the launch.
    In this case, Hard Rock announced “The World’s Largest Guitar Smash” that took place in August, one month before the Grand Opening. During this event, 100 guitars were smashed by the likes of Steven Van Zandt andBrian Wilson. Hard Rock made a point of donating one new guitar to the Peace Games for every guitar smashed during the Guitar Smash.
  5. The apotheosis of the campaign was the Grand Opening that took place on Saturday, September 17.
    It included a benefit concert featuring Velvet RevolverReverend Run (of Run DMC fame) and the music of New York DJ Mark Ronson.

What were the results of the Hard Rock NYC re-launch campaign?

  • Traffic to Hard Rock sites dramatically increased.
  • E-commerce sales of the online “Rock Shop” went up significantly.
  • PR exposure was far more than expected – the Guitar Smash made headlines and was featured on Good Morning America and ESPN.
  • The two major events (the guitar smash and the grand opening) were competing with each other.
    As a result, the grand opening got less coverage than “The World’s Largest Guitar Smash”
  • Having theGrand Opening on Saturday turned out to be problematic. Hard Rock relaized that events during weekdays have a higher change of being covered by morning shows and other mainstream media outlets than those that take place during the weekend.
  • Hard Rock assumed that each outlet worldwide will embrace the PR campaign equally. In reality, Hard Rock’s European partners outperformed their US counterparts.
    They were better at both in-store and local PR, leading to a high number of sweepstake entries.

What are the lessons we can derive for our own companies?

  1. When planning a global campaign, formulate your goals carefully.
    Do you want to drum up local business or do you want the boost the corporate image and global brand?
  2. Coordinate carefully with your local partners.
    In the described case study, partying in a Hard Rock Café in NYC is seen in Europe as cool.
  3. Allocate a reasonable part of your budget to the PR event.
    Spending half of your global budget for one opening (as Hard Rock did) is risky and might not generate enough ROI.
  4. Work towards one grand PR event and make sure to generate media attention and coverage at the main event. Don’t go for two or more PR events; it deludes media attention.
  5. Select the time and place of the PR extravaganza carefully.
    Avoid holidays, other major events, and weekends. If the event must generated global exposure, also check holidays etc. in other countries.
    When choosing the location were the event will take place must be easily accessible.


Creating Killer Collateral

In the previous blog, I talked about design as part of the marketing strategy.
In this one, I would like to discuss how to create killer collateral.

  1. Market research. Yes, there we go again, and this time it must be an external and an internal one.
    The goal of the external research is to map the wants, needs and expectations of the target audience.
    What kind of collateral do they want to receive? Do they like to read white papers with (technical) product info or do they prefer to get a sample of the product to test?
    The internal research takes place within the company.
    Key questions are:
    What image does the company (management and employees alike) want to project?
    How do they see their own company?
    Since budget restrains come into play as well, clear priorities must be listed.
  2. Agree on the concept and integrate it into the corporate communications plan.
    In this stage, it is not only important to decide which collateral should be produced (brochure, newsletter, demo kit) but also the production deadline and the frequency of updates.
    A common mistake that smaller companies make with their newsletters is the frequency and size. They often start with a 6-pager with the intention to issue a new one every quarter. The second issue it often 4-5 pages and canf water down to a 2-pager. The time span between the newsletters also becomes longer and longer, often resulting in a “silent death”.
    In the long run, this does a company more harm than good – the readers feel that the company doesn’t have news or money to issue newsletters and translate that to “they must not be doing so well.”
  3. Choosing the design. Based on the target audience, the design can be conservative (financial sector, lawyers, government) or funky (consumer products, fashion).
    The design must always be in sync with the written text.
    The collateral must be user-freindly, easy to access (such as downloads from Internet or by email) and must provide the information the customer or client is looking for.
    In case of brochures, contact information must be easy to find.
  4. Add additional features. Instead of purely focusing on the company or product itself, put educational and useful features in collateral.
    One way of doing that is linking from the corporate website to external (independent) websites.
    Another way is adding leaflets with info from external sources to the hard copy collateral another. In this context, information about a project or social cause that the company is sponsoring or promoting is very powerful.
    Cosmetics company Avon’s crusade against breast cancer is a good example.
  5. Think freebies and long term. Collateral, samples and give-aways are costs without a tangible return on investment. However, if they are well designed and positioned, they have a lifespan way beyond expectations. It helps building and maintaining brand recognition and loyalty. Pirelli calendars are considered classics and made tires “sexy”.
  6. Keep it simple. Never forget that the main purpose of collateral is reaching new customers and keeping current ones.
    Overwhelming the customer is a mistake many companies make in their collateral.
    Especially technology companies have the habit of presenting all the features and specs of their products in their brochures.
    People are pressed for time and don’t have a lot of patience, so keep it short, simple and whet their appetite for more.
  7. Collateral must be handy – easy to download from the Web and easy to file when in hard copy.
    I once received a gorgeous brochure of a graphic design company that was so big that I could only file it between the cupboard and the wall. Needless to say, the second time I saw it was when I moved offices a few years later….
    Hard copy collateral is often sent by mail and must fit in the standard envelopes.
    Make sure that the collateral can easily fit in displays at exhibitions and conferences.
    In general, sticking to the standard A-4 format is a wise precaution.
    (Since American A-4 is different in size than European A-4, international companies should opt for teh following format: Height American A-4, width European A-4)
  8. Last but not least – be creative. As every marketing and sales professional will tell you, having a (potential) customer even open a brochure takes effort.
    Creativity is the key issue here, but beware of going overboard.
    Never let design and appearance overpower the message. Nothing is worse than customers remembering a great image or design, but not being able to connect it to the company.
    Don’t focus too much on your competitors, but check out forms and formats used in other industries. A nice example is the tile producer H&R Johnson.

Design and Marketing

Slowly, slowly, design is being integrated into corporate marketing.
Companies are starting to accept that design can be a powerful tool to create impact.
No matter what the product or service is that a company sells, it all has to do with the perception of its customers or clients.
Marketing strategies must therefore be aimed at the target audience’s perceptions, thoughts, emotions, feelings, and attitudes.
Design must be an integral part of a company’s brand, product design and packaging.

What should a company or professional do?

  1. Start with an in-depth market research. Find out what appeals to the potential customers or clients.
    Don’t forget, each purchase decision is an emotional one that must be rationalized.
  2. Develop the overall corporate communication strategy.
    If in doubt if the strategy would work – test market.
  3. Make sure the company’s collateral, packaging of products and services, the website, sales and promotion materials are in sync.
    Never start with the product/packaging design.
  4. Make sure that all offers to customers or clients, including call center interactions, comply with the corporate communications strategy.
    Don’t forget, marketing and sales are Siamese Twins.
  5. Formulate strict guidelines for all advertising and promotions activities.
    Don’t forget to include subsidiaries, agents and representatives.

Nowadays, customers and clients are well informed and critical.
They want more than a sheer purchase, they want a “shopping experience.”
This applies to companies, professionals (doctors, lawyers) and consultants.
Design not only builds the brand of the company, but also creates brand loyalty, which results in brand equity. Companies that successfully applied design are AppleBMW and Disney.

In short, marketing and PR professionals must integrate the analytical with the creative part of their work and create integrated design solutions.
The pay-off is not only drumming up new business but also creating and maintaining customer/client loyalty built on trust.


Celebrity endorsement and pharmaceutical marketing

Pharmaceutical companies routinely hire celebrities to attract attention to the latest drugs and the diseases that go with them.
Celebrities become integral to a drug marketing strategy.
Supermodel Lauren Hutton was hired to promote Wyeth’s hormone replacement therapy and menopause. GSK contracted Football star Ricky Williams was paid to create awareness of social anxiety disorder, making Paxil (briefly) the world’s top-selling antidepressant.
Celebrities don’t come cheaply – according to celebrity brokers, the star’s remuneration package may range from $20,000 to $2 million.
This kind of promotion is part of the drug marketing strategy, normally consisting of paid advertising and aggressive public relations campaigns. It often results in the celebrities’ media appearances on Oprah,the Today Show or, as in the case of Former Texas Governor Ann Richards who blatantly promoted one of Lilly’s drugs during an interview, on CNN’s Larry King Live.

What are the main rules to enlist a celebrity for product endorsement?

1) Research which A-list celebrity goes down well with the target group
2) Hire an A-list celebrity that the target group considers trustworthy
3) Find a news hook to link the celebrity to the product
4) Develop some simple (marketing) messages
5) Ensure that the celebrity delivers them at every appearance

But especially celebrity endorsement of pharmaceutical product has its downside.
One big problem: the public doesn’t always realize that the celebrity is paid for advocating a cause (and its remedy).
A good example is the promotion of irritable bowel syndrome on top-rating TV shows by Kelsey Grammer (of “Frasier” fame) and his wife. Viewers thought that they were speaking on behalf of an independent foundation. However, GSK, producer of Lotronex (a drug with side effects, including possible death) paid the couple for their endorsement.

There is also a legal aspect to it. When producers state benefits of their products, they have to back it up with hard data. Every advertisement must include warnings about side effects and possible dangers.
Celebrities, who are no experts whatsoever, can emphasize the benefits of a certain drug without the need to point out the downside of its use.
Lauren Hutton stated in magazine articles read by millions of readers: “My No. 1 secret is estrogen.” Nor Hutton, nor the magazine is (legally) obliged to mention possible side effects or dangers.

Even well-meaning celebrities, who are not being paid for their efforts, and fight for a worthy cause, have the cloud to influence health issue debates and policies.
Camilla Parker Bowles chose to make an important public statement about the bone condition osteoporosis at an international conference funded by the pharmaceutical company Lilly. For years, Camilla has been a champion for early intervention and greater use of expensive tests and technologies for the primary prevention of osteoporosis.
By appearing on the Lilly-sponsored conference, she unwittingly promoted biochemical solutions to health care problems. By doing so, the overall health care debate about equitable distribution of health care resources, including non-biochemical ones, was ignored.

And last but not least, pharmaceutical marketing using a celebrity has its own pitfalls:

  1. The campaign may oversell the celebrity and undersell the product. Using an icon might result in high recognition of the person, but no recollection of the product endorsed.
  2. There could be a discrepancy between personality and product. The target audience must believe that the celebrity uses the product for his/her own benefit.
  3. The celebrity should not be associated with too many (similar) products. Once a celebrity is promoting too many products or a similar product, the message becomes too cluttered. As a result, the target audience gets confused about the exact product that the celebrity is promoting.
  4. The product should be legitimate as a stand-alone. Even without any (celebrity) endorsement, the product should be sound, functional, and fitted for its target audience.
  5. The product should meet its expectations. After the media hype, the product should meet all the expectations that the celebrity created.


Marketing and the Yoga Mamas

Marketers have identified a new and powerful target group: the Yoga Mamas.
Yoga Mamas are middle- and upper-income mothers who are revolutionizing the baby-products market.
These mothers significantly different from others – for one, they are far more brand-conscious than their parents before them. They are focused on the fitness and well-being of their offspring and are extremely fit themselves, show off their pregnant bodies in “normal” clothes, dodging maternity wear.
They tend to be better educated and have more disposable income to spend on fewer children than past generations. Many start a family later in life, when they are financially secure.
They have established tastes and extend their lifestyle to their babies.
They “strollercize” – power walking with the baby stroller.

What makes the Yoga Mamas so influential?

  1. They are trendsetters for other moms including those that don’t have their shopping power.
  2. hey are creating demand for and boosting the sales of premium-priced baby creams and lotions, Italian leather toddler shoes, Bugaboo strollers, baby-bling-jewelry, diaper bags, etc.
  3. They demand near-constant reinvention of the toys and other products they purchase for their babies.
  4. They want a more exclusive and convenient boutique shopping experience.
  5. They belong to social and technological networks, and make great advocates for a product or cause.

The US market of infant and preschool products is estimated at $27 billion with a growth rate of over 4% annually – a higher growth rate that the overall toy, apparel, and furniture markets. So how do manufacturers reach the Yoga Mamas?

Yoga Mamas have little leisure time. Shopping, e-mail, and chatting online are often done late in the evening. They are therefore not exposed to the traditional media such as advertisements on TV and radio and newspaper ads.
Their main source of consumer information is networking – other mothers.
Since they are strapped for time, some companies offer a tightly edited product menu of just four or five items per category.

In order to successfully market to the Yoga Mamas, a company must focus on the following:

  1. The product must be top quality and meet the health conscience standards of the mother.
  2. The product must be upgraded/renewed continuously, making the product lifecycle short.
  3. The price is not sensitive – the mothers prefer buying high priced items over bargains.
  4. The product must come recommended, preferably from a fellow mother (or Oprah).
  5. Purchasing is an emotional experience with lots time restrains. The product offering must therefore be clear, concise and on target in an appealing environment.
  6. Advertising and promotion must be innovative – traditional media outlets don’t work.
  7. PR campaigns should be “emotional” – taking the self-image of the mothers as well as their vision about their babies’ lifestyle into consideration.


Splog anyone?

It sounds like a fun soft drink, but it’s the latest spammer pest –splogs.
Splogs are spam blogs created and launched by spammers. After being an email pest for many years now, they have now entered the blogosphere.
A splog’s creator doesn’t add any written value to the blog. The main function of the splog is to publish press releases, news articles, or advertising. Many splogs are fake blogs that use RSS feeds to create content by inserting links to their websites in an attempt to trick search engines into boosting results for their spammer’s sites.

The problem has been around for a while, but a sudden rush of slogs suddenly popped up, many of which were created using Google’s Bloggersite. The current theory is that spammers had written a script that would create thousands of new blogs and posts at a time.
To keep itself alive, a splog will crawl the Internet using directories, search engines, RSS feeds, etc., collecting information to give the appearance that a real person is adding content. In many cases, this involves automated “theft” of original and often copyrighted content from other authors, without their knowledge, permission, or even attribution. There are lots of different kinds of splogs that have different ways to disguise themselves as real blogs, but commonly they contain key search terms repeated dozens or even hundreds of times.

Why is it so bad? Spam blogs undermine the blogosphere and clog up the Internet even further, making legitimate business use harder.
Weblogs are inexpensive to produce, and show up well on the big search engines.
Companies use weblogs to spread news quickly or to get a quick feedback of their target groups. It is also used to spreading ideas and trends. It is also wonderful showcase for professionals to profile themselves. Budding authors, marketing and PR professionals have warmly embraced this great media outlet.
Due to its low cost, its easy use and its growing popularity, it was inevitable that spam would attack this medium as well.
Especially the credibility of search engines and the blog-advertising market are hit hard, since splogs distort traffic counts and water down the value of weblogs in general.

At this moment, there is no silver bullet to kill the splog beast yet. Google and several high-tech companies are looking into this issue.
In the mean time, all we can do is wait and hope for the day that enforceable international legislation will categorize spam, splogs, phising and the likes as felonies.


The crash of a graphic studio (a case study)

The dotcom crash hit graphic designers catering to high-tech companies later than most.
Graphic studios were still busy fulfilling orders for brochures, website, exhibitions, road shows, invitations and corporate collateral production. As a result, they kept on working day and night, with their staff of fulltime employees.
Then, almost overnight, they noticed that orders were put on hold or cancelled, with no new work was coming in.
Most graphic studios had depleted their cash reserves, relying on bank credit facilities to keep the business going.

As the shock began to pass, it was clear that action had to be taken.
The marketplace for large design studios had dramatically changed – freelancers and small agencies were now able to enter larger companies.
Potential clients simply did not see the added value anymore of working with a large and prestigious designer when they can get the same result from a relatively unknown and small studio.
One large design studio came to the conclusion that their added value was working with the client to define its core marketing messages, help create and maintain marketing programs together with producing the deliverables, as well as arranging the logistics and management of global shipping and fulfillment.
The studio went on repositioning itself by communicating this message to potential customers. It also seized down by firing 20% of its workforce.

The design studio was able to pitch a large multi-national company that was heading up its marketing efforts from Europe. In order to get this account, the design studio got permission from its banker to exceed its already maximized credit facilities. The studio not only got the account, but also was able to charge premium prices. Wanting to expand on this, the studio decided to form a truly international entity offering solutions to American and European companies.
In post 9/11 US, even established PR companies were struggling; so the studio decided to start with a European office, and once the market would pick up, target the US. To be able to start a local European company, the studio established a local European entity, headed by the local Managing Director for European operations. The studio hired local staff and office space, spent a month on training its Managing Director, and standardized all its presentations, including telephone scripts for initial pitches. Soon after, a local salesperson was hired for setting up initial meetings with potential new clients. The studio invested again lots of time talking about the strategy of finding the right type of client, deciding on a direction, creating a core listing of potentials and talking to them.
The design studio was convinced that they had a fresh, unique sales position and that the market was interested in its offer. This turned out to be a miscalculation. Companies with in-house PR professionals and marcom managers didn’t see any added value in an outsider performing marketing research and SWOT analysis. Five years after the high-tech crash, the design studio had to close its doors due to lack of demand.

What went wrong?

  1. The studio used to be (too) big – with a substantial payroll and a hefty overhead
  2. The studio never made any reservations or preparations for bad times
  3. The studio did poor marketing in the good times – “they come to us”
  4. The studio didn’t analyze its price/quality ratio – even after the crash
  5. The studio misread its competition
  6. The studio didn’t conduct a proper market research on the wants and need of its past, present and potential customers
  7. The studio left its core business, where it had a sterling reputation
  8. The studio went into competition with in-house marketing professionals, which turned out to be lethal
  9. The studio didn’t rebuild its home base, but invested time and money in entering foreign markets
  10. The studio set up office in a country were it had to operate in an unfamiliar culture and a foreign language
  11. The studio didn’t foresee the legal and practical problems of running a company from abroad
  12. The studio founded a JV together with a local manager, thus making the decision making process too complicated

What lesson can graphic companies, studios and designers learn from this case study?

  • Prepare for the future. Marketing, PR, graphics are normally the first areas where companies try to save a buck and orders could be delayed or cancelled.
  • Listen to your customers – even if it means compromising on great graphic designs.
  • Build customer loyalty – companies will stay with (or come back to) studios that are reliable.
  • Make sure to limit fixed costs and overhead.
  • Stay in the field that works; graphic designers are no marketers and vice versa.
  • Specialize in a few areas (annual reports, website design) and become one of the major players with a sterling reputation in that niche.
  • Perform ongoing market research on trends, (potential) customers and competitors


Bravo for Burberry

150-year old Burberry is one of the oldest brands around. It became famous for its invention of the gabardine waterproof raincoat and for providing kit to officers in the British armed forces during World War I.
Later in the century it was worn by Humphrey Bogart in Casablanca, Audrey Hepburn in Breakfast at Tiffany’s and Peter Sellers in The Pink Panther. In 1955, GUS (Great Universal Stores) bought Burberry and has been its full owner until 2000. The flotation of Burberry brought the company back to its roots as an independent.
GUS had to sell off its most successful division under the pressure of analysts, who wanted the retail giant to focus on its core businesses, which include Argos and financial information provider Experian.
Burberry itself became burdened by its conservative image and, in 1998, by the recession in Asia which had proved a sales stronghold.
In 1997, Burberry appointed Saks Fifth Avenue executive Rose Marie Bravo to rejuvenate the brand.
Bravo took control of a brand image that was stale. Burberry had a predominantly male customer base. Furthermore, the GUS group was reliant on licensees over whom it had little control and distribution was haphazard. In central London Burberry was sold in more than 60 stores, but the luxury brand was absent in Selfridges, Harvey Nichols or Harrods.
Within weeks of arriving at Burberry, Bravo had signed up Mario Testino, one of the world’s most celebrated fashion photographers, and the blue-blooded model Stella Tennant for an image-changing shoot. However, Bravo had one small problem: she had no new clothes to drape over the willowy Tennant. The appointment of Italian designer Robert Menchetti to the division solved this problem. Since then, three distinct ranges have been created: Prorsum, an international high fashion collection; Burberry London, the core collection that accounts for 85 per cent of worldwide clothing sales; and Thomas Burberry, a younger, more casual collection, which was launched in London in 2005.
By the end of 1998, Burberry and its latest ranges were being lauded by the fashion press, Burberry had found its niche between some of the broadly distributed apparel companies and the pure luxury brands, with the brand being British brand as an unexpected plus.
Bravo’s transformation of Burberry’s image has been remarkable, including the opening of landmark stores in Milan, New York, Knightsbridge, Barcelona and Beijing.
Bravo also restructured the business side. Burberry regained control of vital markets such as Spain, Japan and Asia, by renegotiating and buying back licenses.
By focusing on high fashion and a media blitz, Burberry renewed its brand’s prominence.
It resulted in a spectacular revival of the brand. In 2000 the likes of footballer David Beckham, it-girl Tamara Beckwith and ex-Spice Girl Victoria Adams Beckham made the brand even more fashionable.
Bravo also tried new colors in the traditional beige plaid and put the pattern on everything from bikinis to shoes.
As a result, Burberry’s trademark check became over-exposed. In Britain, Burberry lost its cool after being adopted as the uniform of the suburban yob. (Yob refers to lager louts, soccer hooligans, or anyone guilty of drunken behavior resulting in racist and sexist remarks, rampaging through the streets and roughing people up.)

Since Bravo’s contract expires in July 2005, Burberry decided to appoint Angela Ahrendts as Bravo’s replacement.
Ahrendts joined Burberry from Liz Claiborne Inc., one of the leading apparel companies in the US, where she was responsible for women’s wear and men’s wear brands including Ellen Tracy, Juicy Couture, DKNY Jeans and Lucky Brand.

Will Ahrendts be able to rebuild Burberry as a niche and exclusive brand in a mass market? Will she be able to maintain the profit level that Bravo set?
Bravo wove her magic combining product diversification, cross-marketing and media blitz.
It will be interesting to see how Ahrendts will try to make both customers and stock holders happy.


Do lawyers need marketing and PR?

Few legal firms believe in marketing and PR. This might cost them dearly in the long run for several reasons.

  1. The market has changed. As long as there are people, there will be conflicts and lawyers will be able to make a living. However, clients are becoming more and more savvy – Internet and blogs make juridical information available to everyone.
    A lawyer has to realize that his/her potential clients will be critical and want to keep posted each step of the way.
  2. Having a sterling reputation is not enough. Many lawyers still think that clients will come to them. Being well known and having a wonderful record of accomplishment will not have a pull effect. Law firms must actively seek out and search for clients. Just waiting for the knock on the door will not do it.
  3. Websites are necessary. Many law firms still have no website at all or minimal one that isn’t being updated. They still assume that having a contact page will suffice. Law firms must invest in professional websites that reflect the capabilities and track record of the law firm.
  4. Lawyers still think that they provide first and foremost professional services and ignore the client’s demand for full and upfront disclosure of pricing, procedures and risks.
  5. Law firms must realize that they are selling a product: namely themselves. Lawyers must therefore market themselves to the public.
  6. Competition. Many well-established law firms ignore market research on competitors. This might cost them dearly in the long run.
  7. Branding. Law firms are notorious for ignoring branding. They are reputation-focused, building on publications and won cases. All professionals are only as good at their last success and maintaining a flawless rack record in law is almost impossible due to the many outside factors that can influence a case or procedure. Lawyers should therefore be brand-conscious and build and nurture their brand.

What are the lessons that marketing can teach lawyers?

  1. Market research: identify potential clients, to keep abreast of changes in culture and trends that could influence legislation, to analyze the competition.
  2. SWOT analysis: identify strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats
  3. Positioning: position the law firm in the market, communicating its expertise, track record and price structure.
  4. Branding: trade name, logo, website, corporate colors etc.
  5. Promotion: newsletters, updates, sponsoring, adopting a cause
  6. Public relations: communicate with the public, with clients, with industry players.
  7. Media: trade magazines, local newspapers/radio/TV, national media and (depending on the expertise) international media.


A Rolling Stone doesn’t gather Moss…

Supermodels and fashion icons have a solid reputation, meaning that it takes a lot for them to fall from grace.
Naomi Campbell, the trouble child of Haute Couture, has been at the top of her professional for 15 years, notwithstanding violent tantrums and court orders to go into anger management.
Sex, drugs and rock & roll has been an integral part of the high fashion lifestyle – diet pills addiction, cocaine use, alcohol accesses – you name it.

But in the case of Kate Moss, there is a limit to the damage a brand can take.
Naomi is sensitive about her brand and knows how to perform damage control.
Her latest fashion extravaganza for the victims of Katrina is a perfect example.

Kate has been a wild party child since the beginning of her career; even rehab and motherhood couldn’t tame her.
Kate’s freefall began after photos appeared in British tabloids showing her using drugs.
This was obviously too much “in your face” for the general public.
The fact that Scotland Yard is investigating the claims she has taken cocaine in public didn’t help as well. The newspapers worldwide had a field day reporting on Kate’s past and present peccadilloes, dubbing her “Cocaine Kate,” and using tacky headliners such as “high as a Kate.”
When more revelations were made public claiming Moss indulged in cocaine-fuelled lesbian three-in-a-bed sex, the invisible line between eccentric and unacceptable was crossed.

A supermodel doesn’t make her living from just trotting the catwalk and pouting for the cameras – she is a small business empire, raking in revenues from lucrative sponsorships. Moss’ annual income is estimated at ₤7 M. ($ 15.4M.)
And that’s where the crux is – to be the “face” of a strong brand like Chanel, Burberry or H&M, the model’s brand must be in sync with the corporate ones.
Quite a few companies put a “healthy and clean living” clause in their contracts with models and spokespersons to ensure that.

Once the media thoroughly trashed Kate’s reputation, several of her employers did some rethinking – afraid of “guilty by association”. The first to sever ties with Ms. Moss was the fashion label H&M, whose major customer groups are female teenagers and young women.
They cited that Moss’ behavior was “inconsistent with H&M’s clear dissociation of drugs.”
For a public company, that actively supports the drug-preventing organization Mentor Foundation, it was the only sensible thing to do.

Soon afterwards, Chanel revealed it would not be renewing her contract as the face of Coco Mademoiselle perfume, citing: “Chanel currently has an advertising campaign with Kate Moss that is due to finish at the end of October. The company has no plans to work with Kate Moss on advertising campaigns in the near future.”

A few hours after the Chanel statement, iconic brand Burberry announced that it would be “inappropriate to go ahead” with the contract in the light of the allegations. Burberry had intended to use Kate in a forthcoming publicity drive. The company sugared the bitter bill by adding that “Kate has always been a fantastic model and highly professional for Burberry,” neatly leaving the door open for future return and closed for lawsuits.

The Gloria Vanderbilt label dropped Moss stating, “We would have second thoughts about using her. We weren’t aware of any issues prior to campaign.”
Fashion house Christian Dior and jeweller H. Stern followed suit.
At this moment, only cosmetic firms Rimmel and Coty, and jeweller Fred Paris haven’t taken a public stance yet.

Can Kate forge a comeback? It depends.
Moss’ problem is multifold. Her reputation is damaged by her association with lover Pete Doherty, a musician and heroin user. The public sees him as the evil genius behind her downfall. Dumping him and taking some time off to concentrate on her mother role would nicely cleanup her image.
She needs to rebuild her professional image as well – together with her personal publicist and the PR department of her model agency Storm.

Making a public display of denouncing drugs combined with some volunteer work wouldn’t hurt as well.
She made a first step in this direction by publicly apologizing for her drug use and stating:
“I take full responsibility for my actions. I also accept that there are various personal issues I need to address and have started taking the difficult, yet necessary, steps to resolve them.
I want to apologize to all of the people I have let down because of my behavior, which has reflected badly on my family, friends, co-workers, business associates and others.”

There are two more factors beyond her control that might work against her:
her age (31 is not young in her line of work) and her body type.
She broke into the fashion scene by embodying the “waif” look (or heroin addict look, depending on your point of view).
Once this look is considered passé, no matter how hard she will try, she will not be able to resume her career.
In the mean time, her PR people have cut their work out for them.


PETA’s PR – dynamite or disaster?

During the fashion weeks in New York and London, PETA (People For The Ethical Treatment of Animals) performed its usual and predictable PR stunt: jumping on runways to protest the use of real fur in fashion and PR. The fashion shows went on smoothly – generating free media exposure for unknown designers such as Julien Macdonald.

Interesting enough, PETA’s PR has two sides: a positive and a dark one.
PETA has been able to create brilliant campaigns such as the “think ink, not mink” ad with Dennis Rodman and also snagging many a celebrity to publicly promote PETA’s cause. It made PETA a household name worldwide.

On the dark side, PETA’s “Holocaust on Your Plate” campaign asserts that the eating of meat is the equivalent of the torture and slaughter of Jews by the Nazis. PETA juxtaposes photographs of emaciated concentration camp inmates in their tight-packed wooden bunks with chickens being kept in cages. In a despicable comparison, a photo of piled bodies of Holocaust victims is juxtaposed with one showing bodies of dead pigs. Considering the Jewish dietary laws, this can only be seen as a PR gaffe of the first order.

Moreover, PETA is also not against promoting violence: it provided funds to convicted animal rights terrorists, including $42,000 to Rodney Coronado (he was convicted of setting fire to a research lab at Michigan State). PETA also admits paying $1,500 to the Environmental Liberation Front, which (according to the FBI) is one of the nation’s largest terrorist groups.

Who is the PR guru behind PETA? PETA’s director of vegan outreach Mr. Bruce Friedrich, who readily admits that he has no PR background whatsoever. In a recent interview, he stated the following.
Although I didn’t have any formal training in PR and hadn’t been doing animal advocacy professionally, I still had honed what I considered to be the strongest argument,” he says.
“I also do have a background in advocacy, and I had been on my own advocating vegetarianism and veganism, and speaking in churches for almost 10 years.”

Friedrich and PETA share a strong belief that that their position is right, and will ultimately prevail.
Friedrich’s beliefs are based in religion. A devout Catholic, he says he believes that cruelty to animals is against his faith and justifies violence.
I think it would be a great thing if, you know, all of these fast-food outlets and these slaughterhouses and these laboratories and the banks that fund them exploded tomorrow. I think it’s perfectly appropriate for people to take bricks and toss them through the windows, and you know, everything else along the line. Hallelujah to the people who are willing to do it.”

PETA’s zigzag PR strategy took an interesting turn on 9/16.
PETA supporter Heather Mills-McCartney paid a visit to the headquarters of Jennifer Lopez’ Sweetface fashion label to protest against the use of fur in some of its designs. Heather left wincing in pain after her prosthetic leg became detached during a clash with security guards at Jennifer Lopez’ New York office.
Representatives from PETA strangely enough went out of their way to stress that Heather visited the premises of her own volition.
“Heather Mills-McCartney took it upon herself to go to the Sweetface offices yesterday,” confirmed a spokesman. “J Lo said in a recent interview, ‘If somebody wants to educate me about fur they can do’. Heather wanted to be the person to do that.” One would expect PETA to be sympathetic toward a faithful champion that got injured in the line of protest.
From a PR standpoint, if PETA doesn’t clean up its act soon, they will never achieve what they aspire to: influencing the public opinion to become vegetarians.
What should they do? First and foremost, PETA should hire a PR professional with an impartial view of PETA’s mission. The next step is rebranding PETA as a caring and non-violent organization, followed by building and implementing a consistent PR strategy.

PETA knows how to create headlines, but sadly missed out on a golden PR opportunity – rescuing the pets in New Orleans.


How SOX impacts marketing

For sure you have heard about post-Enron legislation such as theSarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) that regulate the accountability for corporate compliance and risk.
Until recently, it made the upper echelons of a company or organization accountable.
However, it is now making its way to the marketing department so marketing professionals must be prepared.

Marketing takes a sizeable chuck out of a company’s budget for marketing and PR activities that have an enormous impact on customers and shareholders alike.
It makes sense that Sarbanes-Oxley forces every marketing executive to ensure that the processes that they are responsible for have security,integrity and financial accountability.

Nearly every department and/or function within a company or organization is subject to a severe Sarbanes-Oxley audit.
Until recently, marketing has remained fairly unaffected, resulting in highly inaccurate financial reporting by most corporations.
But marketing departments are now also forced to become financially accountable.
This makes sense: the marketing communication budget is often quite substantial – with corporate management being responsible for the procedures for financial reporting.
Therefore, accurate and quantitative measurement of the marketing performance is required. To improve SOX compliance, a CEO or VP Marketing will demand that marketers use a chosen technology that forces marketing to tightly integrate with the company’s financial reporting.

How does SOX impact marketing and PR performance?
From “SOX on”, marketers will play an instrumental role in the corporate compliance of the company.

Internal communications between marketing and the rest of the company or organization will improve, thus avoiding severe compliance risks, legal implications, and monetary risks.

The risk of erroneous representation will be reduced. This is important for those companies where marketing interacts with many different departments, such as R&D and Testing. Misrepresentation of a product or the company itself both internally and towards the public and press, can have severe repercussions. It can lead to brand and image damage – with financial and/or legal consequences.

Most importantly, it will put a stop to significant ad-hoc, unplanned operating expenses – no matter how justified.
These expenses are normally not accrued accurately, resulting in an error margin up to 10% in corporate profit & loss statements. Adequate financial reporting by the marketing staff will solve this problem.

For now, marketing and PR professionals might feel that they have to act “like accountants” and that their creativity will suffer, but in the long run the whole marketing discipline will benefit ensuring a high level of professionalism.


Going global with a corporate website

The majority of corporate websites are in English only, regardless of the location of the company. But what to do when the company wants to go global? Is an English website with a list of local contacts enough? And who will lead the complicated process of making the website and “face” of the company international?
The international marketing and PR professional is the one to handle this issue in a company.
There are several tough questions to ask and answer before even touching the website.

Does the company want to be global?
The answer is not as clear-cut as it seems. Companies are proud of their roots, and it’s a challenge for every international marketing and PR professional to implement “think global, act local”. It must be reflected in the website – the (potential) customers must get the feeling that they are joining or are part of an international family.

Where are the company’s (potential) customers located?Especially Spanish, Italian, and French speakers don’t like to wrestle with English. They prefer their native-language version of the website. The same applies to a lesser extent to German and Portuguese speakers. Russian is the preferred language for most Central and Eastern European customers. Depending on the country, many African customers are fluent in French or Portuguese, but not in English. So how does one handle a multi-lingual website?

There are two options:
a) a full mirror site in the local language or
b) one to five pages containing condensed information about the company and its products in the local language (including contact information to reach the local representative).

What is the culture of the target audience?
This question is crucial – not only for the design of the website (colors, images) but also content wise (industry standards, features). Local case studies and success stories are a must; the “one-size-fits-all” concept doesn’t work.

Are sales generated through the website?
If this is the case, the website must allow the purchase of products from anywhere, at anytime. Online payment should be made easy – with instructions in the local language. Payment means such as locally issued credit cards must be accepted – too many (US) companies only accept credit cards issued by a US financial institution. Prices should be in the local currency or in US$ with an online exchange rate calculator.

Can the local markets be supported around the clock?
Support is crucial to keep customers. In case of online shopping, the helpdesk has to consist of native speakers. They should be reached by dialing a toll free local number.
In general, any company selling abroad must have local representatives or personnel for service and support if they want to build and maintain a lasting presence in that market.

How does the company show up in search engines?At this moment, Google and Yahoo are still the main search engines.
Ranking depends on the location of the potential customer. Google.com shows a different ranking in the USA than in France, for example. Google and Yahoo also have local language versions that are often used as the default int that country. The local Google and Yahoo sites support several search modes: in the local language (only German text will show up), in the local country only (all pages in any language in Germany) and in English only (searches the web – results differ dramatically from country to country, since local preferences are embedded in the search tools).
Needless to say, in order to show up in local searches, having a local language website (or at least some website pages) is of paramount importance.

Does the company produce white papers or scientific documents?In high-tech companies, it is not unusual for the CTO to address scientific forums and lecture at universities. These documents are a great tool to build confidence in the company’s technology. The best way of distribution to an international audience is by easy download (protected pdf) from the company’s website. English is the general scientific language, but the abstract should be in the local language for maximum impact.


Feng Shui and PR materials

New trends are the life force of public relations.
As marketing and PR professionals, we must be aware and study new trends in society- especially in the fields of wellness, lifestyle, fashion and design.
Even if it’s only a fad, managers, customers, journalists, target groups and the general public might embrace it – and longer than foreseen.
PR and corporate materials (websites, newsletters, brochures) must be contemporary to appeal to the target audience and reflect their feelings and tastes.

One of the trends to watch is feng shui.
Feng shui (pronounced fung shway) is the ancient Chinese system of arranging environments to maximize their internal harmony and the happiness of the people who use them.
It reached the West in the ’90s, when trendy Westerners sought to apply its principles to their own homes and offices.Donald Trump is a recent fan.
It changed interior designs and launched many “how to” books, mirrors, ornaments and indoor fountains.

So how does it apply to corporate and PR materials?

The most important aspect of feng shui is ch’i – the life force that flows in and around everything, binding it together. Ch’i is the energy that must be able to flow well in order to create a positive environment – good feng shui.
Feng shui in PR materials translates into easy to navigate websites, easy to read newsletters and other corporate materials – the text, images and content must “flow”.

ColorsA bright and clean design brings good feng shui. The website or document must have bold colors, especially blue, which goes down well in all cultures (in feng shui, it represents water). Graphics should be clean and a pleasure for the eye. It should transmit the message without too much effort. To ensure this, don’t put too much text in diagrams and make details big enough to be seen effortless in all formats, including low resolutions jpegs and gifs.

Life and movement

In feng shui, life and movement are used to fill in stagnant areas or break up long, straight lines. In interior design it translates into putting plants in the corners of rooms, or fish tanks against boring walls.
In websites and corporate materials, it translates into creating a balanced design or document, by making sure that that great graphics fill empty spaces.
The graphics can be a company specific images (a product, building) or can be a general images (fields, river, beach, child at play, smiling people) to give the reader a “good feeling”.
In corporate websites, certain “wellness images” are repeated at the same location on each webpage, thus creating the flow that’s so important in feng shui.

We all heard the term: “less is more”.
Especially when designing a website, make sure that you don’t put in too many multimedia gimmicks. People visit corporate websites to get information, not to be entertained. When using flash on the homepage, put in a “skip intro” function.

Straight linesNature consists of round forms – leaves, shells, and trees, including the human body.
Websites and documents are linear by nature. For good feng shui, you need curvy, flowing lines. On web pages, this can be achieved by making tabs round (not angular) or designing round buttons to click on. For good feng shui, there must be curvy design elements throughout the whole website and other corporate materials.

NavigationWhether it’s a document, brochure or a website, the user must find it easy to read it or intuitive how to navigate in case of a website. The document must be so appealing that the reader will pick it up again. In case of websites, the visitor must be enticed to revisit the site.

After reading the above, readers of this blog might come to the concluding: ”so what, I have been doing that all along”. In that case, good for you and keep up the good work.
However, feng shui is not a new design craze; it’s a more than 5,000 years old discipline that makes us all look at our environment and PR materials from a different angle.
Even if you, as a marketing and PR expert, are tempted to reject it as another passing fashion, be aware that a substantial part of your target audience knows about it, with a growing number embracing it.


Death by Review

All marketing and PR professionals have faced the same problem at some time in their careers: death by review.
The professional produces the desired material on time for review. And that’s when the fun starts. Due to almost endless review and approval loops, the signing off on the produced document or design is often beyond the deadline.
Apart from frustrating, long and complicated approval circles also comprise the quality. Remember the quotation: “a camel is an animal put together by a committee”? That’s often the end result.
So how to avoid this pitfall?
The following seven steps may help.

1) Do your research. Make yourself an expert by not only knowing exactly what the ideas, concepts and procedures within the company are, but also what has been done by the competitors. Check market and industry trends as well.

2) Define the project and process in detail. Put in deadlines of the deliverables, as well as the consequences when deadlines are not met.

3) Try to limit the review committee to 3 people (for internal marketing/PR) and only one project manager (for external agencies).

4) When planning the project, make a detailed timeline with some buffer for unforeseen events.

5) Limit the amount of drafts to be reviewed. Avoid “creeping elegance” – the tendency to try and improve the content by making changes again and again.

6) If possible, use templates (such as press releases, newsletters) or other materials (e.g. colors, fonts, icons, images when creating new brochures or posters) that were already approved by the company before.

7) Try to backup the content of the document or design with trends, customers’ reactions or competitors’ material. It makes the acceptance by the company a lot easier. This relates to the first item: research

Depending on the company or organization, it might be impossible to implement a smooth review procedure. In that case, there is only one thing to be done: grin and bear and make sure the blame is not on you.


Emotional Marketing – the Starbucks example

Starbucks is one of the strongest global brands around – without following the marketing text book.
Its complicated logo is not memorable, and most people will not be able to recreate it if you ask them to. They will describe it as “something green” “roundish” with a “person or something” in the middle. The slogan is not memorable either, and before you rack your brains, Starbucks doesn’t have one.
The packaging and collateral are nothing special and I challenge you to find an advertisement in any magazine. Starbucks does advertise, but uses emails as the preferred medium.
So what is the success factor of the Starbucks brand? The emotional experience of its consumers – they feelsophisticated and part of what many brand experts refer to as a “coffee house” community.
For the Starbucks community, coffee is not just a beverage, but it is a ritual, a habit, a treat, and a satisfying reward all rolled in one.
That’s the reason why Starbucks’ cup sizes are “grande” and “venti,” not medium or large. Each cup of coffee is also freshly made by a “barista” at a separate counter and never behind a wall or out of sight from the customer. The Starbucks store has tables and chairs for congregating or reading and working. , and many have plush sofas and armchairs. Many Starbucks also have Internet connection for their customers’ convenience.
The Starbucks success formula works well around the world.
They only failed in one market: Israel.
Starbucks entered the Israeli market with a local partner (Delek). The emotional marketing concept of Starbucks failed. Israel has a strong coffee culture for more than 50 years. Therefore, the coffee market is saturated with strong and successful chains (Arcaffe, Kapulski, Coffeebean & Tealeaf) that serve a wide range of gourmet coffees. Starbuck’s French roast is not a favorite.
Starbucks was unable to distinguish itself from its competitors, except for its higher prices. In 2003, Starbucks decided to close its 6 outlets.


Writing a product press release

It all starts with technology companies introducing a new product to the market.
To create awareness for the product, the marketing/PR professional must draft an appealing press release or announcement. This is easier said than done.
It normally follows the following format:
1) Product name (bolded and repeated several times throughout
the text)
2) Company name (if possible, with ticker and tagline)
3) Application (explaining the use)
4) Benefits (set against existing products/solutions in the market)
5) Availability (retail, distributors, countries)
6) Potential (expected deployments)

The problem – they all look alike.
The example at the bottom of this blog has been written by an unidentified author. It gets the point across splendidly.
The writer is not only a great wit – s/he is also teaching each marketing and communications professional a valuable lesson: the way the information is presented here will not make anyone run to the stores and purchase a BOOK.
So how can we make a reader sit up and take notice?

  1. Avoid long winding headings. Make your headline short, to the point and interesting. In the example below, the headline could read: Want to feast your eyes? Get a BOOK! It will increase the chance that a reader will be curious and read on.
  2. sentences make people loose interest and also give them the feeling that the company might be “hiding” something.
  3. Don’t go into too much details how it works – your audience is not a member of your R&D team. Write the product application for a complete outsider without any technical knowledge. Describe is clear, short sentences what’s about; long and complicatedTry to put some wit in the release. When using humor, make sure that it also swings in other cultures and languages. A notorious example was the perfume “Morning Mist that leaves you refreshed”. They used the same slogan in the German market. Since Mist in German has a different meaning (manure), it ruined any chance ever to enter that market successfully.
  4. Tab into the wants and needs of your potential customers, and explain how the product can ease their pain or make their life easier.
  5. Give clear information about availability: time, location and purchase wise.
  6. Avoid acronyms, abbreviations and buzz words.
  7. When addressing an international audience, pay attention to language, content and style. Avoid American expressions such as “ramping up” and British expressions such as “whilst”. Mentioning of dates and times are also tricky: 8/9 US = 9/8 Europe; 2pm US = 14.00hrs. Europe.
  8. Make sure that the original text lends itself for multiple translations. When using similes, make sure they are understood in different countries and cultures.

Introducing: The new Bio-Optic Organized Knowledge device, trade-named — BOOK. BOOK is a revolutionary breakthrough in technology: no wires, no electric circuits, no batteries, nothing to be connected or switched on. It’s so easy to use, even a child can operate it. Compact and portable, it can be used anywhere — even sitting in an armchair by the fire — yet it is powerful enough to hold as much information as a CD-ROM disc. Here’s how it works: BOOK is constructed of sequentially numbered sheets of paper (recyclable), each capable of holdingthousands of bits of information. The pages are locked together with a custom-fit device called a binder, which keeps the sheets in their correct sequence. Opaque Paper Technology (OPT) allows manufacturers to use both sides of the sheet, doubling the information density and cutting costs. Experts are divided on the prospects for further increases in information density; for now, BOOKS with more information simply use more pages. Each sheet is scanned optically, registering information directly into your brain. A flick of the finger takes you to the next sheet. BOOK may be taken up at any time and used merely by opening it. BOOK never crashes or requires rebooting, though, like other devices, it can become damaged if coffee is spilled on it and it becomes unusable if dropped too many times on a hard surface. The “browse” feature allows you to move instantly to any sheet, and move forward or backward as you wish. Many come with an “index” feature, which pin-points the exact location of any selected information for instant retrieval. An optional “BOOKmark” accessory allows you to open BOOK to the exact place you left it in a previous session — even if the BOOK has been closed. BOOKmarks fit universal design standards; thus, a single BOOKmark can be used in BOOKs by various manufacturers. Conversely, numerous BOOKmarkers can be used in a single BOOK if the user wants to store numerous views at once. The number is limited only by the number of pages in the BOOK. You can also make personal notes next to BOOK text entries with optional programming tools, Portable Erasable Nib Cryptic Intercommunication Language Styli (PENCILS). The media is ideal for long-term archive use; several field trials have proven that the media will still be readable in several centuries, and because of its simple user interface it will be compatible with future reading devices. Portable, durable, and affordable, BOOK is being hailed as a precursor of a new entertainment wave. BOOK’s appeal seems so certain that thousands of content creators have committed to the platform and investors are reportedly flocking to invest. Look for a flood of new titles soon.


Marketing Harry Potter

No fictional character has been marketing so quickly and so well as Harry Potter.
From the start, Ms. Rowling made sure that she kept a firm grip on her brainchild. In order to make the books appeal to boys (and not be perceived as chick lit), she chose the “masculine” version JK Rowling.
Her main goal is to please her fans. She copied the marketing strategy made popular by politicians and movies stars: give exclusive interviews to carefully selected magazines and newspapers and focus on appearances for fans and readers in benign, controllable settings. She knows that the best sales people are zealous fans.
She is very protective of the Harry Potter brand and makes sure that nothing will delude it. She banned publication of ebooks, which considering the lacking performance of children books in electronic form, is a wise decision.
When she launched “Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince”, Rowling avoided press interviews and opted for a contests and competitions. Her UK publisher sponsored the largest contest; her American publisher ran its own version, dubbed “Why I Love Reading Harry Potter.”
Newspapers in Britain, Ireland, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand and Canada were used as vehicles to run competitions.
At midnight on the 16th of July 2005, the biggest book launch (of “Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince”) in the history of the written word took place. The concept behind it was, that readers all over the world would buy (and read) the book at the same time, thus cleverly preventing story leaks and bootleg copies. Rowling cleverly whetted the appetite of her readers by hinting at “a death” and promising that “a lot would be made clear”.
Despite all logistic precautions, there was an accidental leak of the latest Potter book in a suburban Vancouver store. The local distributor immediately obtained a Supreme Court injunction, preventing anyone who received a copy from disclosing or copying information about the book. Since this news snippet was all over the media, Harry Potter got a lot of free and effective international PR out of it.
The seventh and last tome in the Harry Potter series will be the grand finale of Rowling’s magical streak. It will be interesting to see how she will maintain and sustain the Harry Potter brand and how she will continue to market the books after the series is finished.